Living a healthy life is relatively easy as long as we follow a few basic guidelines so Diabetes would never be a word we hear as long as we keep our A1c down at our doctor’s recommended number.
Eating foods low in saturated fat, having a regular exercise routine, preferably more than just once a week, and limiting the amount of refined sugars we allow ourselves to eat are the basic ingredients for optimizing our health.
The last being the most important due to the fact that it can be a big contributing factor to take us right down the road to prediabetes and according to the CDC more than 100 million Americans currently have prediabetes.
We go through our everyday lives not thinking about what’s around the corner until we’re hit with a disturbing revelation like a life-threatening illness such as the diagnosis of Type2 Diabetes and then it stops us in our tracks.
Type 2 diabetes isn’t a death sentence or at least it doesn’t have to be. If we know the warning signs and symptoms of Type2 Diabetes we can make healthy changes early on and fight this debilitating disease. Some of the signs and symptoms are slight and harder to notice like subtle vision changes while others can be a nuisance and harder to ignore like an unquenchable thirst or an unrelenting urge to urinate. Either way, if the symptoms are present chances are so is the disease, we should ALL pay attention and if need be discussed, with our physicians, the proper steps for improving our health.
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A common sign, usually the first to be noticed, is excessive thirst. Our bodies will work overtime trying to produce the fluids needed to thin out the excess sugar content and expel the excess through urination. Still, there is not enough used in our body’s as it would normally need leaving us dry and very thirsty with dry itchy skin because the skins cells are not as plump and nourished as they should be. This is one of the Diabetes complications that often lead to dehydration and should be watched closely as a person could quickly go into kidney failure.
Feeling tired, sluggish or run down? These are all common signs and symptoms of both Diabetes and Diabetes Type2, the body is not making enough insulin to produce the energy we need to be active. This is both a symptom and a sign and it is one that is found in both Diabetes Types. We often overlook the reason for feeling tired throughout our busy lives and usually replace those feelings with excuses to why we feel that way like, I worked all day or I was up all night when really our body just isn’t making the energy it needs to move about in a normal day.
3. Increased Urine Production:
A diabetic, whether Type1 or Type2, will tend to have more frequent restroom visitations then normal. As with the previous point on thirst, this symptom is the result of the same issue. The kidneys are working extra hard trying to process the excess fluids a diabetic patient requires throughout a normal day. With the increase of the body’s fluid production it causes an overproduction and in turn this overproduction of fluids increases the number of bathroom visits one would need and again as stated above this is something that should be watched closely as it could lead to dehydration and acute kidney failure just one of quite a few dangerous diabetes complications.
4. Numbness And Tingling:
The damage throughout the body to nerve endings causes itchiness, tingling and burning in the extremities and often dryness to the skin. Sometimes a patient may notice sharp shooting burning pains in the lower extremities usually in the feet and toes or sometimes in the fingers and hands, this is known as Neuropathy and is usually seen in a later progression of the disease but not always it can come at any time depending on circulation in that area also.
5. Vision Problems:
Vision disturbances are common in genetics, but diabetes can exasperate the problem due to dehydration in the body’s system. Dehydration causes changes in the fluid levels of the eye lenses causing the lenses to swell and blurred vision is a direct result of the swelling of our eye lenses. If left for too long without control more drastic vision problems are bound to occur like Diabetic Retinopathy, a very serious Diabetes complication that can lead to blindness.
With Diabetes, most of the nerve damage is commonly found on the lower extremities as in the legs and feet. Neuropathy is one of the Diabetes complications that can be the most critical due to its nature. A patient could get injured and because they may have very little feeling or no feeling at all it could go unnoticed. If an injury has gone unnoticed it can become infected to the point that leads to having a very serious situation that could require it to be removed. Amputated limbs have been seen in many cases and in many those limbs could have been saved if the infection was found sooner and sadly patients have also died from complications of serious infections, infections that had got out of hand and unnecessarily went untreated.
7. Unexpected Weight Loss:
The body will use up what it can to obtain the energy it needs to survive including but not limited to using the sugar and using any and all ugly fat stores accumulated in our bodies but unfortunately it also uses up any healthy muscle tissue it can get it ugly mits on trying to keep up with the sugar production, therefore, causing an excessive drop in weight, this is usually a sudden weight loss that comes out of nowhere and is not caused by a planned diet or exercise program.
So if keeping up with the Jones, in today’s world, means living with Diabetes whether it’s type1 or type2 it shouldn’t be hard to deal with. Certainly, life couldn’t be over after a Diabetes diagnosis or at least it shouldn’t be. We just need to focus on what we need and when we’re following a sensible diet plan, getting the proper nutrition and correct hydration that our bodies need and following an exercise program to help keep us on the right track in maintaining a healthy lifestyle we can be living a normal life again. So just remember these Diabetes Type2 warning signs and symptoms, ~Tingling and/or burning in the extremities, Neuropathy, sudden unexplained weight loss, frequent need to urinate, dry mouth, an unquenchable thirst, blurred vision and fatigue, and stay on your toes.